Choosing a school - a guide for parents
Choosing a school is an important decision so it is worth spending time looking at the options available. Understandably, concerns are even greater if a child has special educational needs (SEN); the aim of this guide is to provide advice to parents looking at schools for children with SEN.
Initially some general guidelines are given as the basic principles of looking at a school apply to everyone whether your child has additional needs or not. You know your own child and you want them to be in a school environment where they will be happy, safe and able to learn.
General Guidelines for School Place Applications
Start by looking at your local schools – visit two or three schools to get some idea of their facilities and ethos so that you have something to compare.
Keep an open mind – you might have heard things about the school from other people. Remember you need to consider the school as it is now and what it will offer your child, so try and look at things from their perspective.
There are advantages to attending a local school:
- Local friends /siblings
- Shorter travel time – easier transport arrangements
- They are part of your local community
Find out the date of the deadline for applications. There is no automatic entry for any child e.g. children from a feeder school or if a sibling already attends the school. All parents with children starting school for the first time and those moving on to junior or secondary school need to complete and submit an application form. Applications can be made on-line. It is important that you complete and submit your forms before the deadline otherwise your options may be affected. On-line applications can be amended at any time before the deadline – so the form can be completed in advance and changed if necessary.
Details of how to apply and the deadlines for applications can be obtained from schools or Portsmouth City Council School Admissions
Visit the schools more than once. Look well in advance to get some idea and then again nearer the time as your child’s needs may change but the timescales must be complied with and this is not a decision that you will want to rush.
Children with Special Educational Needs (SEN)
Choosing a school for children requiring SEN Support (not an EHCP) follows the same procedure as for all other children - although parents understandably have additional concerns, they have exactly the same rights as any other parent.
Most children with special educational needs go to their local mainstream school and are taught with children of their own age. Sometimes they receive extra help from their class teacher who is trained to differentiate the curriculum according to the specific individual needs of the pupils.
Additional special help may be provided by the school: the class teacher together with the school’s Special Educational Needs Coordinator (SENCO) ensure that the child’s needs are appropriately met and their progress monitored.
Some children may need more specialist support and the school may seek advice from the Local Authority (LA) or other external sources e.g. speech and language therapy or occupational therapy. This means that professionals will visit your child in school and provide advice to the school on how best to support your child.
As a parent of a child with SEN it is useful to visit the schools and discuss with the SENCO your child’s needs and how they can be best met. When you have decided, you apply for the school following the standard process - it is useful to state on the application form any information about your child’s SEN that you think is relevant.
If your child has an EHC plan
If your child has an EHC plan, it is the responsibility of the local authority to ensure your child’s educational needs are met. In general, the LA will consider the nearest school to your home that is appropriate for your child’s needs. It is however , important that you look around schools and know your preferred school, as you will be consulted.
Admissions arrangements for children with EHCP’s are managed by the local authority’s SEND team, and not the Admissions Team.
Phone: 023 9284 1238
The new EHC process puts children, young people and parents at the heart of decision making and now, you have the right to request the school of your choice of the following type:
- A maintained school or nursery (mainstream or special)
- An Academy (mainstream or special)
- An institution in the Further Education sector
- A non-maintained special school
- A section 41 school (these are independent schools which have ‘opted in’ to be able to be requested by parents – you can find a list of section 41 schools here).
If a child’s parent or young person makes a request for a particular nursery, school or post-16 institution, in these groups the local authority must comply with that preference unless:
- It would be unsuitable for the age, ability, aptitude or SEN of the child or young person, or
- The attendance of the child or young person there would be incompatible with the efficient education of others, or the efficient use of resources.
Transition to Secondary school
It is a good idea to start to find out about secondary schools during the autumn term of Year 5 so that you have a good idea of the options available. Transition should ideally be considered at your child's annual review in Year 5 as applications need to be made in the autumn term of Year 6. This gives the primary school, parents and other professionals who work with your child the opportunity to consider how their needs may be best met at secondary level. The SENCO from the proposed secondary school may also be invited to contribute their views and provide specific information about the secondary school which is relevant to the child. If you have visited the possible schools before this meeting and reached a decision you can contribute informed views and state your school preference. Following the annual review the recommendations of the meeting are submitted to the SEN panel for their consideration when deciding on the school placement.
A small percentage of children with SEN have needs that cannot be met within a mainstream school and require more specialist provision. Only children with an EHC plan identifying specific needs attend special schools.
Due to the low incidence of children with this high level of need there is a limited choice of appropriate specialist schools in each area. However, it is useful to visit a couple of schools and most of the general points outlined above apply, so these should be considered together with your knowledge of your child and their individual needs.
Looking around schools
- Visit well in advance and more than once – all schools have Open Days and other events open to the public that you can attend, but before you reach your decision contact the school and ask if you can visit and have a tour during school hours.
- Consider whether to go on your own - if you are looking at several schools it may not be appropriate to take your child with you until you have some idea of your own views or it is nearer the time, as this can be unsettling for a child. If possible, initially go with your partner or a friend as you will notice different things and it is useful to have someone to discuss your views with.
- Before the visit think about the things that are important for your child and make a check list of the things you need to find out – see list below…
- Talk to the school SENCO – if they haven’t got time to talk then make an appointment to go back when they have got time. Take along any information you have about your child and explain their individual needs, discuss the school’s facilities and their experience of educating children with similar needs. Be open about your child’s needs – whatever difficulties your child has they will inevitably come to light at some point and the school may understandably feel aggrieved if they weren't given the full picture. Most issues can be addressed if they are discussed and the right support can then be put in place. It is much better to be open, remember you may be working with the school for the next few years so it is important, and in your child’s best interests, to build up a good relationship.
- Ask for a prospectus – this is useful to look back on after the visit and can be helpful to look at with your child if you decide on this school.
- You may also wish to look at other documents e.g. the latest Ofsted Report; SEN Policy; Accessibility Policy; Behaviour Policy – or specific documents e.g. Administration of Medication Policy or Toileting Policy may be relevant – these documents should be available on-line or from the school.
- All local schools should be able to meet the needs of the majority of pupils with SEN in their area - there are clear advantages to your child moving up to their new school with friends from their nursery or primary school and being part of the local community. However, every school is different - you know your child best and therefore need to judge which will be best for them.
Things to consider asking:
- Has the school supported a child with similar difficulties to your child? How?
- How many children will be in the class?
- How does the school organise it's day – what does a typical day look like?
- Where will your child go at lunchtime?
- What pastoral support is available in the school?
- Will your child be able to access all activities – after school clubs, excursions and trips?
- Does the school welcome advice / input from external professionals?
- How does the school arrange their transition programmes? A good transition can help a child to settle at a school.
- Are there any accessibility issues for your child or special facilities (eg. toileting facilities or medical rooms) they require?
- How does the school inform and involve parents – how will they communicate with you?
In addition, if looking at secondary schools:
- The SEN Department – will your child be working in a separate SEN area for some lessons/interventions?
- Does the school have supervised homework time? This can be invaluable for children who need help to understand the task and can prevent a lot of tension at home.
- Is there somewhere your child can go / someone they can talk to if they have a problem?
- What options / choices are available in Year 9? It is important to consider what your child’s options could be and what qualifications they may be able to get.
- Are the children assessed when they start in Year 7 and put in “sets” for some subjects?
After the visit:
Think about -
- Did you feel welcome?
- Did the classrooms provide a good learning environment?
- Was the school a happy and stimulating place to be?
- Were all your questions answered?
- Could you picture your child there?
- How would your child get to school?
Remember whichever school you choose the best outcomes for your child will result from you and the school working together. Sometimes there are so many different things to consider that a compromise has to be made.
The school has to have the right attitude and want to support your child and you have to have confidence in the school. This will help your child feel positive about the school, as most importantly your child needs to feel happy and safe in the school setting – they will then be in the right environment to learn and thrive.